Inequalities in Portugal: recent and structural trends

By: Renato Miguel do Carmo, Frederico Cantante and Margarida Carvalho  Social inequalities are multidimensional and affect different sectors of society.   Introduction Social inequalities are multidimensional and affect different sectors of society. This paper will present data regarding several dimensions of inequality. The paper proceeds as follow. Firstly it focuses on income inequalities (disposable income, pre-tax income,…

Thinking the future through skill assessment. Interview with Irwin Kirsch

Irwin Kirsch is the Director of the Center for Global Assessment at Educational Testing Service (ETS). He is also an expert on literacy and skills assessment. He has a wide experience directing US and international large-scale assessments on literacy. He is currently Project Manager of PIAAC (Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies), an international large-scale…

Earnings premiums of tertiary education

Portugal is one of the EU-27 and OECD countries where tertiary education brings more economic benefits.     In Portugal the population who have concluded tertiary education earn 69% more than those who did not go beyond upper-secondary, post-secondary non-tertiary education (ISCED 3-4). Among the countries presented in Table 1, Brazil is the one in which…

Earning inequalities in the parishes of Lisbon

By: Margarida Carvalho and Renato Miguel do Carmo  Lisbon municipality distinguishes itself from the remaining Portuguese territory by the higher earnings the workers receive there. However, the municipality is crossed by higher inequality levels than those recorded in national terms. And these inequalities aren’t homogeneously distributed on the municipality’s parishes. “Quadros de Pessoal” database is collected…